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Our organic red chili peppers seeds can be sow in a container so they are perfect for urban home gardeners. This variety of cayenne pepper seeds, which are part of the Capsicum annuum family, produce a moderately hot chili pepper that can be harvested green or when the fruits are profound red. At both phases, the flavor is amazing. These seeds are quite rare pepper seeds for the North American region that were originally brought in our home garden from Europe and are great for when cooking dishes or used fresh.
Chili peppers originated in Mexico. After the Colombian Exchange, many chili pepper cultivars spread throughout the globe used both for food and traditional medicine. Chili peppers are commonly used as a spice for adding heat to the meals in many kitchens. Naturally, chili peppers are used because they contain capsaicinoids. The most noteworthy capsaicinoid is called capsaicin, a crystalline substance discovered almost completely in the flesh of the pithy which holds the seeds inside the chili. There is very little, if any, capsaicin in the plants and skin. Capsaicin is detected in the mouth by heat receptors when eaten, and the brain responds as if something hot has been consumed. This raises heart rate, creates suddenness, and releases endorphins into the bloodstream. The outcome is that the heat "feels good" for people who like chilies. Scoville Heat Units (SHU) are commonly used to define the intensity of chili peppers' "heat".
The hot papers are also famous for their health benefits. They are considered as natural pain relief, boost immunity, and help you lose weight. Also, red chili peppers, such as cayenne, have been shown to reduce blood cholesterol.
Preparation for planting
The soil you choose should have plenty of phosphorous and calcium, so 3 weeks before transplantation add lime and compost to the bed. The pH of the soil should be around 6.5 and Mix under each transplant 1⁄2 cup of organic fertilizer. Remember that too much nitrogen will yield plenty of leaves, but less fruit and hotness so we advise you to avoid using it at all.
While peppers will tolerate dry soil, if kept moist, they will only grow well. Make sure to pick a spot in your garden in complete sunshine – at least 8 hours of full sun. For peppers, the optimum soil temperature is 18 °C (65 °F) or higher. Select a wind-protected site.
Growing red chili peppers from seed
It is easiest to grow peppers from transplants. Plant the seeds in starter cell with soil indoors 6 to 8 weeks prior to the date you plan to put move the transplants in the garden. Plant seeds at 0.5 cm (1⁄4 inch) depth and ensures that the land stays warm throughout the period of germination.
Usually, the germination period typically lasts 14 to 18 days and the transplants should have 2 to 4 sets of leaves.
Peppers can be transplanted out 4 to 6 weeks after the last frost in spring and after the soil temperature has risen to at least 18 °C (65 °F). Plant seedlings 30-40 cm (12-16 inch) apart in the garden in-rows spacing and at least 40 cm (16 inch) apart for row spacing.
Growing red chili peppers in pots
For growing chili peppers in containers, choose a container that has sufficient drainage holes and is more than 8 cm (4 inch) wide. Plant 3 seeds in each pot, adding inside 1 seed per spot. To germinate, chilies need warmth and lots of light to develop into healthy seedlings. Use a nice quality potting combination and avoid disturbing the roots at each repotting. Each new container should provide 5 cm (2 inch) of new growing space on all sides. We generally repotted our chili peppers 4 times until they reach their permanent pots.
Big pepper plants often require hot watering every day, so when growing, we like to use lightweight, water-retaining plastic pots. Your peppers will be okay to grow on a patio table or next to a window, depending on your climate, but in hot weather, the plant benefits from having its roots shaded.
Watering every other day should satisfy their moisture needs.
Growing red chili peppers indoors
Choose a warm room for your pots with a slightly cooler nighttime temperature. Place our organic peppers in direct, bright light with a west or south-facing window. Alternatively, position the plant under grow lights for 14 to 16 hours a day, enabling 15 cm (6 inch) between the plant's light and top. Make sure to keep the plants from the plants from cold drafts and extreme heat.
As we mentioned earlier, watering every other day should satisfy pepper’s needs. Water the plant until water flows through the drainage hole but never allow the pot to sit in water, as this can cause root rot. Just make sure to remove the extra water from the plate.
If you keep your plant only indoors you should learn how to pollinate the flowers by hand or your peppers will not grow. It is very simple just use a Q-Tip and rub every stamen to spread the pollen.
Caring for the plant
Do not forget to inspect your soil with your finger every day by feeling the top inch of soil. Water every time the soil gets dry.
It is important to keep your pepper plants away from weeds, especially when they are young. Animals will avoid chili peppers due to the spicy taste and aroma, although birds and aphids are common pests. Hang a net over your plant or put a fake owl in your garden to maintain birds out. With a non-toxic insecticidal soap, aphids can be washed off.
Cut back on feeding and watering several weeks before harvesting. Waiting until the leaves demonstrate a slight wilting before watering and fertilizing will increase the capsaicin level, making the peppers hot.
How to grow hotter peppers
It is difficult to predict how hot your peppers will get as the fruit heat varies depending on the climate, the age of the plant, the soil, and the way the plant feels on a specified day. But there are some know useful tips for the gardeners who just prefer their peppers hotter.
- Avoid overwatering your plants and give the plants a drink only when the leaves start looking a bit droopy. This works best when the plant begins forming its fruits. This is due to the levels of capsaicin as they vary depending on the growing conditions. Water stressed peppers usually increase the concentration of capsaicin in the plant.
- Fertilize your pepper plant with rotted manure or compost and avoid using nitrogen-containing fertilizer. The nitrogen will help the plant grow big and strong quickly but at the expense of the fruit’s hotness.
- Red peppers grow hot when you occasionally add some surfer in the soil. Some gardeners throw into the hole a few matches before putting the plant in. After all, match heads contain sulfur, and they are cheaper to purchase. Sulfur can also be blended with the soil or sprinkled on the plant itself.
- Sweet and hot peppers can cross-pollinate since they are closely related so make sure to leave a nice dissonance between them when planting. If not, the outcome will be a fruit, which is not as hot as it should be.
- Over time, the amount of capsaicin in the fruit increases, so if you can wait until the green pepper turn red, you are in for a much spicier experience.
During dry weather, harvest peppers by cutting them off the stem instead of picking them, which can break the stems and harm the crops. Most hot peppers will mature in 60 to 90 days, but some may take up to 150 days after transplantation. The best thing about our red pepper seeds is that you can have several harvests a year.
They are ready when they reach their full size and you can recognize them by their strong texture and thick walls. Be careful with your chili peppers while harvesting as nicks and bruises may cause them to rot faster. You can either pick them when they are green or red.
How to store red chili peppers
After picking your organic peppers, do not wash them, but brush off any dust. If you wash them, they might decline quickly. Store them in your refrigerator in a plastic bag, in a temperature of 4 °C (40 °F) and they will last for more than a month.
If you leave our red peppers outside, they will dry out and you can either use them directly for cooking or grind them and put them in a jar for stews and soups. When dried our organic red chili peppers can last for many years.
Preserved peppers, when pickled or stored in oil, can last for many months.
Our chili peppers taste even better roasted, having a smoky flavor that is delicious when added to salsas or used in recipes like enchiladas, green chili, or stuffed chilies. But you have to bake them while they are juicy and fresh.
You will be happy to learn that there are many companions of pepper plants that can benefit your peppers. Asparagus, garlic, carrots, cucumbers, eggplant, endive, oregano, parsley, basil, dill, chives, garlic, squash, Swiss chard, and tomatoes are excellent neighbors around our red peppers.
We advise you to never plant beans, brassicas, or fennel next to them. Do not plant peppers close to apricot trees, since a prevalent pepper fungal disease may also spread to the apricot.
- Planting seasonindoors February to April
- Number of seeds1 seed in each spot
- Depth0.5 cm (1/4 inch) deep
- Days to maturity90 days
- Row spacing40 cm (16 inch) apart
- In-row spacing30-40 cm (12-16 inch) apart
- Sunlight8 hours of direct sunlight
- Wateringonce every 2 days
- Harvesting7 to 12 weeks after planting the transplants
- PlantOrganic Red Chili Pepper
- Planted on
- First seedlings date
- First harvest date