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This verity of arugula, also known as rocket or eruca, is a flowering plant genus in the Brassicaceae family, native to the Mediterranean region, and it was gathered from the wild since the Roman times. They are annual plants that grow to a height of 20-100 cm (8-39 inch). The flowers are 2-4 cm (3/4-1 ½ inch) in diameter, arranged in a corymb, with the typical flower structure of the Brassicaceae - creamy white petals with purple veins and yellow stamens. Its leaves have deep, round indentations that resemble the leaves of an oak.
We offer arugula high-quality seeds that can be grown easily in warm or cool weather. It is a compact plant, which means that is perfect for home gardens – planting it outdoors or in a pot. Delicious and tender as all micro-greens are, this plant is heavily flavored but sensitive on the palate. With a nutty, spicy, sometimes powerful or peppery taste, arugula really enhances salads, sandwiches, and even your favorite pizza. It is very cold hardy, and when grown in cool weather, it has a milder flavor. Eruca is also high in potassium, vitamin C, and vitamin A.
When to plant arugula
Direct sow continuously from the beginning of March to the third week in September. Optimal soil temperature should be 4-12°C (40-50°F).
How to grow arugula
Prepare beds by digging 0.5 cm (1/4 inch) in well-drained soil. After that, add compost and a handful of complete organic fertilizer for each plant. We use a rich pH of 6.0-7.0 soil but any other soil will do. Your arugula seedlings should grow in 7 to 14 days.
Arugula growing temperature
As we already mentioned, arugula is particularly cold-hard and can be cultivated straight into winter and again in early spring, with some protection from frost. A simple cover over the row, or over a raised bed, will provide all the heat needed by these plants.
Growing arugula outdoors
Arugula prefers soil rich in humus, well-drained, but will tolerate a wide variety of conditions. This is a cool weather plant that in very hot conditions is not growing well so choose a shady spot in your garden. Try to pick a morning-sun spot in your garden with an afternoon partial shade.
The most important thing is to keep the soil moderately moist so the plant can keep producing new leaves. Keep in mind that this plant needs a regular supply of water. We advise you to sow new seeds for a continuous harvest every 2 to 3 weeks.
Growing arugula in pots
If you plant it in a pot again you can choose any spot but remember, parsley prefers cool temperatures, and the intensity of the full sun might burn it out. Make sure that your container is large enough. It should be over 20cm (8 inch) deep for the arugula to grow strong.
You should water them when the soil feels dry to the touch. Also, you can always bring a pot indoors during the cold season to sit on a sunny windowsill.
Caring for arugula
Arugula does not need a great deal of care, it is undemanding. Your primary job will be to keep up with its rapid growth. It grows a lot like lettuce of a loose-leaf.
Remember to keep the soil moist and ensure that any weeds are removed. We suggest providing some shade for warm-season plantings to decrease heat stress.
Growing arugula problems
Flea beetles will cause numerous tiny holes in the leaves. If these appear, try planting a couple of weeks later next year, to avoid their laying cycle. Or plant under lightweight row cover.
On young plants, flea beetles may lay their eggs. Use the floating row cover if these prove to be a problem.
How to harvest arugula
Young leaves have the best flavor and texture and are ready to be cut from sowing in 40 days, once they are about 5 cm (2 inch) tall. To harvest the eruca select from each plant one or two leaves a week. This ongoing harvest will do wonders for your crops and delay bolting.
These plants are best harvested when young as the leaves are mild and tender. However, as they grow strong and mature, they will develop a mustard-like taste, which is amazing. But keep in mind that the leaves will become hairy and tough, and they will be difficult to digest.
Eventually, your arugula will produce stalk of white, creamy flowers. This is a sign that you should shear the plant to the floor, leaving just a few leaves to the bottom. This will generate you more greens before it produces more white flowers. But do not forget that you can also eat the flowers as they are a wonderful addition to your salad. They have the same strong flavor as the leaves.
How to store arugula
If you want to store it in your fridge first, you should get rid of the dirt by separating the bunch you have harvested and wash it well. After that use a spinner to dry it well and try to remove with paper towels any big droplets. Then bring a lengthy strip of toweling paper and spread the arugula onto the towel in a single layer. After that, roll it up, but not tightly, and place the roll with the top open in a zip lock storage bag. Store it in your crisper this way for at least a week. The arugula should stay fresh until you use it.
We prefer it fresh so we directly pick it from our garden as needed.
Arugula companion plants
Arugula is good companion plant for bush beans, beets, carrots, celery, cucumber, dill, lettuce, mint, nasturtium, onion, potato, rosemary, spinach, and thyme.
You should remember that does not grow well with strawberries.
- Planting seasondirect sow early March to mid-September
- Number of seeds1 seed in each spot
- Depth0.5 cm (1/4 inch) deep
- Days to maturitysprouts in 7-14 days
- Row spacing10 cm (4 inch) apart
- In-row spacing5 cm (2 inch) apart
- Sunlight6 hours of sun with parts of shade
- Watering3-5 times a week
- Harvesting40 days from sowing
- PlantOrganic Arugula
- Planted on
- First seedlings date
- First harvest date