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Our organic jalapeno pepper seeds produce 8 cm (3 inch) long and about 2 cm (1 inch) tall, pungent, thick-walled, and juicy dark green peppers with a blunt end. This chili pepper plant is with medium-high so can be sow in a container and therefore is perfect for urban farms or kitchen gardens.
For about 6,000 years, people have flavored their meat and favorite dishes with jalapenos. Originally from Mexico and used as the main ingredient in their cuisine, they are also quite popular worldwide. Jalapeno peppers are famous for their nutrition and health benefits. Jalapenos are a great source of fiber, like most fruits and vegetables. They contain a lot of vitamin C and vitamin B6, and capsaicin, which gives them their spice. Research suggests that by boosting metabolism, increasing fat burning, and reducing appetite, jalapenos and other spicy peppers can promote weight loss. Jalapeno peppers also contain compounds that can slow or stop the growth of harmful bacteria.
Jalapenos are easy to grow in many climates. By planting them in potting soil and nurturing the sprouts that develop, you can cultivate them from seed. You can transplant the peppers into your outdoor garden if you live in a warm area. You will probably have to eat a lot of jalapenos because this plant produces a lot of fruit.
Preparation for planting jalapeno seeds
This verity is very easy to grow if you provide it with good rich soil, plenty of sunshine, and lots of water. Peppers, like jalapenos, enjoy the most plenty of organic matter in loamy, well-drained soil.
Very essential for growing jalapeno peppers are the full sun and the warm temperatures so make sure to pick a very sunny spot in your urban garden. Remember that for peppers, the optimum soil temperature is 18 °C (65 °F) or higher. You can also grow them at your house as long as you plant the pot or the container next to a sunny window.
When planted outside select a wind-protected spot in your garden.
Growing jalapenos from seed
It is easiest to grow peppers from transplants. Since peppers need plenty of time to mature once they bloom and set fruit. We advise you to start indoors (under bright lights, if possible) from early March to the first week of April.
- Place 2 to 3 seeds at 0.5 cm (1⁄4 inch) depth in your container or pot, and cover with a small amount of soil. Water the soil very well. It is crucial to keep the soil moist and warm throughout the period of germination.
- It will be necessary to separate and replant into a larger pot after the seedling forms 2 to 4 sets of leaves. Now that your plants are growing, remember to replant them in larger pots. Usually, the germination period typically lasts 14 to 18 days.
- You can move the plant outside 4 to 6 weeks after the last frost in spring and after the soil temperature has risen to at least 18 °C (65 °F). Nighttime temperatures should be above 12 ° C (55 ° F) regularly and the germination soil temperature needs to be 25 °C - 29 °C (78-85 °F).
- Plant seedlings 30-60 cm (12-24 inch) apart in the garden in-rows spacing and at least 40 cm (16 inch) apart for row spacing. Soil should have plenty of phosphorus and calcium, so apply lime and compost to the bed at least three weeks before transplantation.
Growing jalapeno peppers indoors
You can start the pepper from the seed at any time, as the freezing weather does not restrict you.
- Choose a warm room for your pots with a slightly cooler nighttime temperature. Place our organic peppers in direct, bright light with west or south-facing window. Alternatively, position the plant under grow lights for 14 to 16 hours a day, enabling 15 cm (6 inch) between the plant's light and top. Make sure to keep the plants from the plants from cold drafts and extreme heat.
- Move the sprouted seedlings to larger pots as they grow, aiming at a finished 8 L to 19 L (2-5 gal) pot size for a mature jalapeno plant that can grow to 70 cm to 90 cm (2- 3 feet) tall.
- Water every day by watering the plant until water flows through the drainage hole but never allow the pot to sit in water, as this can cause root rot. Just make sure to remove the extra water from the plate.
- If you keep your plant only indoors you should learn how to pollinate the flowers by hand or your peppers will not grow. It is very simple just use a Q-Tip and rub every stamen to spread the pollen.
Big pepper plants often require hot watering every day, so when growing, we like to use lightweight, water-retaining plastic pots. Your peppers will be okay to grow on a patio table or next to a window, depending on your climate, but in hot weather, the plant benefits from having its roots shaded.
Caring for jalapenos
Do not forget to inspect your soil with your finger every day by feeling the top inch of soil. Water every time the soil gets dry.
It is important to keep your pepper plants away from weeds, especially when they are young. Animals will avoid chili peppers due to the spicy taste and aroma, although birds and aphids are common pests. Hang a net over your plant or put a fake owl in your garden to maintain birds out. With a non-toxic insecticidal soap, aphids can be washed off.
Cut back on feeding and watering several weeks before harvesting. Waiting until the leaves demonstrate a slight wilting before watering and fertilizing will increase the capsaicin level, making the peppers hot.
How to grow hotter jalapenos
It is difficult to predict how hot your peppers will get as the fruit heat varies depending on the climate, the age of the plant, the soil, and the way the plant feels on a specified day. But there are some know useful tips for the gardeners who just prefer their peppers hotter.
- Avoid overwatering your plants and give the plants a drink only when the leaves start looking a bit droopy. This works best when the plant begins forming its fruits. This is due to the levels of capsaicin as they vary depending on the growing conditions. Water stressed peppers usually increase the concentration of capsaicin in the plant.
- Fertilize your pepper plant with rotted manure or compost and avoid using nitrogen-containing fertilizer. The nitrogen will help the plant grow big and strong quickly but at the expense of the fruit’s hotness.
- Jalapenos grow hot when you occasionally add some surfer in the soil. Some gardeners throw into the hole a few matches before putting the plant in. After all, match heads contain sulfur, and they are cheaper to purchase. Sulfur can also be blended with the soil or sprinkled on the plant itself.
- Sweet and hot peppers can cross-pollinate since they are closely related so make sure to leave a nice dissonance between them when planting. If not, the outcome will be a fruit, which is not as hot as it should be.
- Over time, the amount of capsaicin in the fruit increases, so if you can wait until the green pepper turns dark green (almost red), you are in for a much spicier experience.
Another aspect of jalapeno care is harvesting the plant properly. Harvest the peppers when they are firm and with solid color by pinching them carefully from the stem. During dry weather, harvest peppers by cutting them off the stem instead of picking them, which can break the stems and harm the crops. Most hot peppers will mature in 70 to 85 days, but some may take up to 90 days after transplantation. You can expect 7 to 15 peppers per well-developed plant.
What we do is that for fresh food, cooking, pickling, and sauces we use the green jalapeno peppers. When we want to dry them, we harvest them red.
The best thing about our red pepper seeds is that you can have several harvests a year.
How to store jalapeno peppers
You might want to store jalapenos to eat a few days, a few weeks, or even a few months and a few years. When and how you want to eat your jalapenos will dictate how they should be stored and processed.
- After picking your organic peppers, do not wash them, but brush off any dust. If you wash them, they might decline quickly. Store them in your refrigerator in a plastic or paper bag, at a temperature of 4 °C (40 °F) and they will last for more than a month.
- If you leave your peppers outside, they will dry out and you can either use them directly for cooking or grind them and put them in a jar for stews and soups. When dried our organic jalapeno peppers can last for many years. To dry them you can string them on a thread for 3 to 4 weeks or just spread them on a dry surface or towel for the same amount of time.
- Blanch jalapenos to retain nutrients and freeze them fresh. To blanch, put the jalapenos in boiling water for 3 minutes and then place them in ice water, dry them and slice them, if you like, and after that freeze them for 10 to 12 months.
- Our chili peppers taste even better roasted, having a smoky flavor that is delicious when added to salsas or used in recipes like enchiladas, green chili, or stuffed chilies. But you have to bake them while they are juicy and fresh. You can store your baked jalapenos in oil with some garlic and vinegar.
Jalapenos companion plants
You will be happy to learn that there are many companions of pepper plants that can benefit your peppers. Asparagus, garlic, carrots, cucumbers, eggplant, endive, oregano, parsley, basil, dill, chives, garlic, squash, Swiss chard, and tomatoes are excellent neighbors around our red peppers.
We advise you to never plant beans, brassicas, or fennel next to them. Do not plant peppers close to apricot trees, since a prevalent pepper fungal disease may also spread to the apricot.
- Planting seasonindoors early March to mid-April
- Number of seeds1 seed in each spot
- Depth0.5 cm (1/4 inch) deep
- Days to maturity75-90 days
- Row spacing40 cm (16 inch) apart
- In-row spacing30-60 cm (12-24 inch) apart
- Sunlight8 hours of direct sunlight
- Wateringonce every 2 days
- Harvesting7 to 12 weeks after planting the transplants
- PlantOrganic Jalapeno Pepper
- Planted on
- First seedlings date
- First harvest date