Preparation for planning Peppermint seeds
How to grow Peppermint seeds
Sow indoors 8 to 10 weeks prior to the last frost, or in April to May direct sow. Put them on top of well-worked soil to sow the seeds outdoors, then sprinkle on top of them a fine layer of wood chips. If you are sowing in the garden directly, consider placing a row cover over the seeds until it sprouts.
Seeds are expected to sprout in 10-16 days. Higher temperatures can accelerate germination so find a warm place in your house. Many gardeners plant peppermint in spring, but you can also sow in autumn, particularly in Southern California, where it thrives in the colder, moister winter.
Growing Peppermint seeds in pots
It is easy to grow and plant organic peppermint in a port. Look for a pot that has a diameter of at least 30 cm (12 inches) with drainage holes in the bottom. Seedlings and transplants need the same depth to be planted in the container as they grew in their previous one. Seeds are sow 0.5 cm (1/4 inch) deep and place in each container two to three seeds to ensure germination. Hold the soil moist and hold temperatures close to 21 °C (70 °F) until the seeds of the peppermint germinate, normally 7 to 10 days.
A place that receives 6 or more hours of daily sunshine provides enough light for lush development, while outdoor containers can tolerate afternoon shade. Also, you can always bring the pot indoors during the cold season to sit on a sunny windowsill. If indoors rotate the plant every 3 to 4 days. peppermint plants grow in the direction of sunlight, and it helps to keep the plant from growing unevenly by rotating.
Mentha piperita can move its roots through drainage holes and into garden soil if planted in a container that sits directly on the ground. Remember to place a tank under your Mentha piperita for true containment that is not directly on or touching any garden soil. Their roots are shallow and easy to pull out, so as long as you provide physical barriers such as walls, walkways, or containers, there is no reason to worry.
How to stop peppermint spreading in your garden
Raising barriers is the key to stop your garden mint from spreading. Container rims and regular pruning control spreading peppermint stems. This herb spreads above ground by growing roots from stems that touch the soil. As we said before, container rims protruding 2 to 3 cm (1 inch) 1 inch above the soil guide peppermint stems upward and helps prevent them from rooting.
Caring for Peppermint
Peppermint does not need a great deal of care, it is undemanding. Your primary job will be to keep up with its rapid growth. Remember to keep the soil moist and ensure that any weeds are removed. We suggest providing some shade for warm-season plantings to decrease heat stress. Use light mulch for outdoor plants. This helps to keep the soil moist and clean the leaves. Make sure to water them frequently for indoor plants to keep the soil evenly moist.
Every few months, top-dress your plants with a thin layer of compost or organic fertilizer for the best growth in confined areas such as containers. In cold climates, bottom pots will need winter protection.
Pinch your organic peppermint to keep it bushy. Try not to let if flower and if you do see flowers, cut them off right away as this will speed up the growth.
How to harvest Peppermint
The key to keeping organic peppermint plants at their best is daily harvesting. Peppermint enjoys picking and pruning. Young leaves have more flavor than older leaves, and garden mint can be picked as soon as spring comes up. Cut the stems 2 to 3 cm (1 inch) from the ground immediately before flowering. In a growing season, you can harvest one peppermint plant two or three times. You can also pick the leaves as you need them.
The flowers are edible so they can also be harvested and used in your favorite tea, salads, and sweets.
How to store Peppermint
While fresh is best and sprigs can be kept in water for a few days, peppermint leaves may be frozen or bunches may be airdried. If you want to dry them, cut the leaves just before they bloom. Place the dried leaves in an airtight container or even better in a jar and it will last for years.
Peppermint companion plants
Mentha piperita attracts earthworms, hoverflies, and predatory wasps and repels moths from cabbage, aphids, and beetles from fleas. Carrots are another plant companion and also peppermint discourages carrot root fly. Peppermint's pungent scent confuses the insect which seeks its smelling meal. It is the same with onion flies. The flies will be baffled by planting garden mint next to onions. As the organic peppermint scent deters aphids and other pests, tomatoes also benefit from planting Mentha piperita close to them. Talking of aphids, you will also repel these insects by planting peppermint near your prize roses. Other plan companions to common mint include beets, lettuce, peas, squash, eggplant, chili or bell peppers, legumes, and Brussels sprouts. Mint flowers are nutritious for bees and other pollinators and are highly attractive to them.
Peppermint is invasive, so cut your herb regularly when it is next to Brassicas or restrain it in containers around your vegetable garden. Do not plant near your parsley, strawberries, and chamomile. Though looking good avoid planting peppermint in a single container with lavender, rosemary, sage, and thyme, as these herbs prefer dry-down soil and sunny spots.
- Planting seasondirect sow in April to May
- Number of seeds1 seed in each spot
- Depth0.5 cm (1/4 inch) deep
- Days to maturity65-70 days
- Row spacing45-60 cm (18-24 inch) apart
- In-row spacing20 cm (7 inch) apart
- Sunlightfull sun to heavy shade
- Watering3-5 times a week
- Harvesting85 to 90 days from sowing
- PlantOrganic Peppermint
- Planted on
- First seedlings date
- First harvest date