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Our organic red sweet peppers seeds produce high yielding and compact, bushy plants that are perfect for urban home growers. This standard bell pepper begins to form mid-summer and can be harvested when green or deep red. The cut fruits look quite amazing mixed with yellow or orange peppers, so they belong to the garden of every foodie.
They are associated with chili peppers, tomatoes, and breadfruit, all indigenous to Central and South America. Red sweet peppers, also known as sweet peppers or capsicums, can either be eaten raw or cooked. This variety of red peppers are sometimes dried and powdered, just like their close relatives, chili peppers. They are called paprika in that case. From omelets to tacos, pasta dishes, and salads, sweet bells give so many famous meals with a delicious crunch without the need for additional spices.
Sweet peppers have lots of vitamins and antioxidants, particularly vitamin C and various carotenoids. They may have several health benefits for this reason, such as enhanced eye health and reduced risk of anemia. The main component of bell peppers is water and carbs. Most of the carbs, like glucose and fructose, are sugars. Bell peppers are very good fiber source as well and are a great addition to a healthy diet in general.
Preparation for planting
In tropical areas, our organic sweet peppers are perennial. But they are grown as annuals in colder climates as they do not really tolerate cold weather. They require a relatively long growing season, often up to 90 or even 100 days, so the shorter the summer, the sooner you need to plant the seeds indoors. The plant loves full sun and loamy, rich, well-draining soil with a near-neutral pH.
Make sure to pick a spot in your garden in complete sunshine – at least 8 hours of full sun. For peppers, the optimum soil temperature is 18 °C (65 °F) or higher. Select a wind-protected site.
Growing red sweet peppers from seed
It is easiest to grow peppers from transplants. Using a seed starting mix plant the seeds in starter cell with indoors 6 to 8 weeks prior to the date you plan to put move the transplants in the garden. Plant seeds at 0.5 cm (1⁄4 inch) depth and ensures that the land stays warm throughout the period of germination. Usually, the germination period lasts 14 to 18 days and the transplants should have 2 to 4 sets of leaves before moving them to bigger pots. If the soil is sufficiently hot, germination should be even faster.
Peppers can be transplanted out 4 to 6 weeks after the last frost in spring and after the soil temperature has risen to at least 18 °C (65 °F). Plant seedlings 30-40 cm (12-16 inch) in-rows spacing apart in the garden and at least 46 cm (18 inch) apart for row spacing.
Transplanting sweet peppers
Although you may be tempted to move your plants sooner, wait until a few weeks after the last frost before moving them into your garden. Be sure to harden them first or they might not survive. Hardening them refers simply to the process of acclimatizing plants into a new environment. Plants grown indoors for months are likely to get severe stressed or even die if they are placed directly in the garden, and we want to avoid this.
Instead, plants are slowly introduced to the weather outside. Set them out for longer periods of time over several days. Start in the morning and bring them every day later and later until you are confident that they have adapted.
Make sure that the soil temperature is warm enough before transplantation, usually around 18 °C (65 °F).
Water your red sweet peppers that are freshly planted really well and add one or two inches of organic mulch. Their roots are shallow, and mulch helps to keep moisture and defend the roots against stress associated with moisture.
Caring for the plant
Consider laying black plastic over the soil to stimulate quicker development in cooler regions. Just be careful not to let the soil get too hot as it might kill the beneficial soil bacteria. Remember that the perfect temperature is around 18 °C (65 °F) so do not overdo it.
During peppers growth, they are also temperature sensitive. They will grow sloth-like if temperatures drop below 13 °C (55 °F) during the night. And if temperatures are too warm, they are probable to begin dropping their flowers before they can ever bear fruit. This is why they are considered to grow a little more temperamental than some other favorite veggies such as spinach or radishes.
Keep plants evenly moist all season for improved fruit production. Too wet or too dry, and the overall health or fruit development of the plant is likely to decline. Maintaining plants watered consistently when they are in bloom and producing fruit is especially important. We advise you to inspect your soil with your finger every day by feeling the top inch of soil. Water every time the soil gets dry.
While it is useful to fertilize, be careful not to overfertilize, particularly with nitrogen. This is known to cause leafy green growth, but the production of fruit and flower will actually stunt.
It is important to make sure that your plant gets pollinated or it will grow flowers but they will not produce any fruits. You can pollinate the flowers by hand. This is quite simple, just use a Q-Tip and rub every stamen to spread the pollen. You can also shake the plant very well every few days by holding at the steam or plant where there is wind. But in our experience, the Q-Tip tricks work the best.
Sweet bells are unique as it is mostly up to you to choose when to pick them.
If you love green pepper's flavor, pick some when the fruits are full-sized with thick flesh but not yet red. The longer you leave them on the plant, the peppers will sweeten with increased content of vitamin C.
Harvest peppers during dry weather by cutting them off the stem instead of picking them, which can break the stems and any fruits that are still developing. Most peppers will mature in 60 to 90 days, but some may take up to 150 days after transplantation. Expect 5 to 15 large bell peppers per well-grown plant.
How to store red sweet peppers
With a clean, dry cloth, wipe any excess dirt away and store in the refrigerator for up to one week. Wait for washing until you are ready to use them, as humid products will quickly become moldy and rot in the fridge.
What we also do is to bake the peppers and store them in the freezer during the winter months. We either use them in salads or in some of our favorite dishes. You can also blanch them fresh, just remove their seeds and steams before that, in hot water for a few seconds, dry them in a towel, and store them in a freezer. That way you have almost fresh organic peppers throughout the entire year.
You will be happy to learn that there are many companions of pepper plants that can benefit your peppers. Asparagus, garlic, carrots, cucumbers, eggplant, endive, oregano, parsley, basil, dill, chives, garlic, squash, Swiss chard, and tomatoes are excellent neighbors around our red peppers.
We advise you to never plant beans, brassicas, or fennel next to them. Do not plant peppers close to apricot trees, since a prevalent pepper fungal disease may also spread to the apricot.
- Planting seasonindoors February to April
- Number of seeds1 seed in each spot
- Depth0.5 cm (1/4 inch) deep
- Days to maturity90 days
- Row spacing46 cm (18 inch) apart
- In-row spacing30-40 cm (12-16 inch) apart
- Sunlight8 hours of direct sunlight
- Wateringonce every 2 days
- Harvesting7 to 12 weeks after planting the transplants
- PlantOrganic Red Sweet Pepper
- Planted on
- First seedlings date
- First harvest date